The Brain: Understanding Neurobiology
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The Brain: Understanding Neurobiology

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Lesson 1—The Brain: What's Going On in There? student in a classroom

Teacher's Guide

Analyzing Brain images How Is PET Done? What Does this Part of the Brain Do? Looking at the Human Brain

start of page contentDescription of What Does this Part of the Brain Do?

The cerebellum regulates the initiation and timing of movements and is important for maintaining balance and posture. The cerebellum also helps modulate the force, steadiness, and range of movement.

The brain stem connects the brain and the spinal cord. It controls many basic functions including heart rate, breathing, eating, and sleeping.

The frontal lobe is one of the four major divisions of the cerebral cortex. This part of the brain regulates decision making, problem solving, control of purposeful behaviors, consciousness, and emotions.

The parietal lobe is one of the four major divisions of the cerebral cortex. This lobe receives and processes sensory information from the body. This is also where letters form words, and words combine into thoughts.

The temporal lobe is one of the four major divisions of the cerebral cortex. This part of the brain regulates memory, emotions, hearing, language, and learning.

The occipital lobe is one of the four major divisions of the cerebral cortex. This lobe processes information related to vision.

The primary motor cortex is part of the temporal lobe and is responsible for regulating voluntary movements.

The primary sensory cortex is part of the parietal lobe and processes sensory information received from the body.

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